Psalm 72 is the last psalm in “book 2” of the Psalms, and contains the books doxology at the end. The superscription deems it a song “of” Solomon, obviously as the young heir to David’s throne. Some have attributed authorship to Solomon himself, but Matthew Henry’s view that it is David’s prayer on behalf of Solomon is likely correct.
There are some obvious Messianic aspects to the psalm in addition to the obvious parts in which there is fervent prayer for the earthly king. The care for the poor and the needy in verse 4 certainly sounds like Jesus during His ministry; and verses 12-14 referring to one who delivers and redeems are pointing to Him as well.
The prayer ends with the doxology and praise to the Lord: “Blessed be his glorious name forever; may the whole earth be filled with his glory! Amen and Amen!” The last line – “The prayers of David, the son of Jesse, are ended” could refer to this psalm, but could also refer to the assembling of this section of the psalms by the psalter. Matthew Henry took the view that it referred to the ending of Psalms 71 and 72 as a whole, having been written in David’s old age. Now with a young king to take his place, his “prayers have ended.”
Read or listen to audio of ESV version of this selection from this link.
some images © V. Gilbert & Arlisle F. Beers
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