The superscript for this psalm calls it a Shiggaion of David. The term is only used again in plural form in Habakkuk 3:1. The best that we can surmise is that it may be a type of instrument or liturgical description pertaining to the psalm. Cush the Benjamin had likely accused David concerning treason against Saul. David is languishing here and it seems likely that he is experiencing guilt on his own part (see verses 3-5), possibly for his anguish over what his part had been in Doeg the Edominte’s betrayal and the resulting slaughter of the priests of Nob (1 Samuel 22:11-23)?
David’s guilt, though tempered with his anger with Doeg in Psalm 52, does not give him pause to absolve himself, but rather to pray to God for justice, even if that means his own complicity should result in his death at the hands of his pursuers. He places his fate in the hand of his God in whom he places his confidence in His judgment of David’s heart and integrity (verse 8-16). He expresses his certainty that God will do justly with the wicked in Verses 14-16: B
Behold, the wicked man conceives evil
and is pregnant with mischief
and gives birth to lies.
He makes a pit, digging it out,
and falls into the hole that he has made.
some images © V. Gilbert & Arlisle F. Beers
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