As we move to chapter 19, David’s skill as a warrior is proven, his reputation has grown and Saul has become more jealous and paranoid than ever. His plan for David to be killed by Philistines backfired, and David’s prowess and reputation increased. As part of that failed plan, Saul had promised his daughter Michal. Now the one he feared most was his son-in-law! Saul knew not only that his daughter loved David, but he also knew that the Lord was with David (1 Samuel 18:28). So by plotting against David, he was fighting against God, and he knew it. What madness!
Saul’s son, Jonathan, loved David. Contrary to what some would have you believe, their relationship was simply one of deep brotherly love and respect. Also, we tend to think of them as close in age, but this was probably far from the case. Remember, Jonathan was commanding troops while David was still a very young boy before even being anointed (1 Samuel 13:2-3). So Jonathan intercedes and convinces Saul not to kill David, and he again defeats the Philistines for the kingdom, as war broke out again (verse 8).
But God had to get David trained and ready to lead the people. So in His wisdom, He again sent a harmful spirit to Saul. Saul tried to pin David to the wall with his spear when he was playing the lyre in his house, but David escaped. When he sent them to his home, his daughter had already warned David, and he escapes through the window. He went to Samuel, and they went to Naioth in Ramah. In verses 20-24 Saul’s messengers, and even Saul himself are overcome with the Spirit of the lord and Saul is stripped of his kingly robes – just as he would be stripped of his throne.
What about the idol from the house of her father that Michal used to deceive her father’s messengers (verses 13-16)? Could be the spoils of war that Saul had kept. he never has been shown in the scripture to be a man after the Lord’s heart – that was David.
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some images © V. Gilbert & Arlisle F. Beers
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