Speaking of Himself in third person in verse 1, God tells Moses that he will see what the Lord will do, as he delivers them with “a strong hand”. God is very patient with Moses and his doubt, as He is building faith – the faith, not only of Moses and Aaron, but of the people of Israel as a whole. He restates His covenant with them in verses 3-4.
God is specific about what He wants Moses to say to the people in this chapter, as others. But verse 9 says that “they did not listen to Moses, because of their broken spirit and harsh slavery”. This did not come as a surprise to Lord. He knew they would not listen at that point, but He also knew that they and their children’s children would remember the things that He had Moses tell them over and over (as in verses 6-8) – “I am the Lord” — “I will redeem you” — “I will take you to be my people” — “I will deliver you” — “and you shall know that I am the Lord your God”.
Moses is discouraged, but God tells him to go again to Pharaoh, and tells him in no uncertain terms that he and Aaron will in fact be bringing the people of Israel out of Egypt (verse 13)! The genealogies beginning in verse 14 are intended to demonstrate to the reader how Moses and Aaron descend from the house of Israel (Jacob), just like any one of more than 600, 000 others (Exodus 12:37).
Verse 30 shows that Moses is still not convinced that anyone will listen to him now.
image © V. Gilbert & Arlisle F. Beers
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